by | Dec 7, 2023


When it comes to legal proceedings, there may arise situations where multiple lawsuits are filed pertaining to the same subject matter. In such cases, it becomes crucial to ensure fairness and avoid conflicting judgments. This is where the concept of a stay of suit comes into play. In this blog, we will dive into the provisions of Section 10 of the Civil Procedure Code, which empowers the courts to stay the suit under certain circumstances. 

What is the Stay of Suit? 

The stay of suit refers to the temporary suspension or postponement of legal proceedings in a particular case. Section 10 of the Civil Procedure Code allows a court to stay the proceedings when there is a concurrent jurisdiction with another court, and the matters in both cases are substantially the same. 

Conditions for Stay of Suit: 

For a court to grant a stay of suit under Section 10, the following conditions need to be fulfilled: 

  1. Existence of concurrent jurisdiction: The court must have concurrent jurisdiction with the court where the other suit is pending.
  2. Same parties: The parties involved in both suits must be the same or substantially the same. 
  3. Same subject matter: The subject matter of both suits should be identical or closely related.

 Rationale behind Stay of Suit: 

The primary objective of granting a stay of suit under Section 10 is to prevent conflicting judgments and ensure uniformity in legal proceedings. It allows the court to avoid wastage of judicial resources and prevents the parties from being dragged into multiple litigations over the same matter. 

Procedure for Seeking Stay of Suit:

If you wish to seek a stay of suit under Section 10, you need to file an application before the court where the first suit is pending. The court will review the application and consider the conditions mentioned earlier. If satisfied, the court may pass an order staying the proceedings temporarily. 


The provision of a stay of suit under Section 10 of the Civil Procedure Code serves as a significant mechanism to maintain efficiency and fairness in the judicial system. By avoiding conflicting judgments and conserving resources, it ensures a smooth and effective resolution of legal disputes.





Written By Nancy Sharma

I am Nancy Mahavir Sharma, a passionate legal writer and , a judicial service aspirant who is interested in legal researching and writing. I have completed Latin Legum Magister degree. I have been writing from past few years and I am excited to share my legal thoughts and opinions here. I believe that everyone has the potential to make a difference.

Related Posts



Introduction: The Code of Civil Procedure (CPC) is a comprehensive legal framework that governs civil proceedings in India. One crucial aspect of CPC is the...



Introduction: Affidavit play a crucial role in legal proceedings, serving as sworn statements made by individuals involved in a case. In the context of the...



Introduction: The Civil Procedure Code (CPC) is a comprehensive legal framework that governs the procedural aspects of civil litigation in India. Among its...



Introduction: Embedded within the procedural fabric of Indian civil litigation is the indispensable concept of Summons under the Civil Procedure Code (CPC). ...