Written Statement

by | Feb 5, 2024


Within the intricate landscape of civil litigation, the Written Statement emerges as a key player, guided by the stipulations of the Civil Procedure Code. This blog endeavors to unravel the importance, prerequisites, and procedural intricacies surrounding written statements as dictated by the Civil Procedure Code.

Purpose and Essence: 

At its core, a written statement serves as the defendant’s canvas, allowing them to articulate their perspective and counter the assertions put forth by the plaintiff. Within the procedural dance, this document acts as a formal rejoinder to the plaint, the plaintiff’s initial document outlining grievances. The written statement becomes the platform where the defendant constructs their defense, interweaving legal and factual contentions to rebut the allegations.

Intrinsic Contents:

Aligned with the provisions of the Civil Procedure Code, a written statement must encapsulate specific details to furnish a comprehensive response. These details include:

  • Admissions or Denials: Each material allegation presented by the plaintiff must be explicitly admitted or denied by the defendant. An oversight in this regard may result in the court deeming the allegation as admitted.
  • Affirmative Defenses: This component accommodates any legal defenses the defendant wishes to assert. Whether it be jurisdictional challenges or other legal justifications, the written statement becomes the canvas for the defendant’s legal artistry.
  • Counterclaims: The defendant can incorporate counterclaims against the plaintiff, essentially claims emerging from the same transaction or occurrence.
  • Supporting Documents: Any documents substantiating the defendant’s case should find a place as annexures to the written statement.

Procedural Etiquette for Submitting :

The Civil Procedure Code delineates a meticulous procedure for the submission. Adhering to court timelines, typically 30 days from the service of summons, is imperative. Deviation from this timeframe may incur adverse consequences for the defendant.


In the denouement, the written statement stands as a linchpin in the civil litigation narrative shaped by the Civil Procedure Code. It not only furnishes a stage for the defendant to voice their narrative, admit or contest allegations, and assert legal defenses but also offers a means for a balanced and just resolution of disputes within the legal framework.



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Written By Nancy Sharma

I am Nancy Mahavir Sharma, a passionate legal writer and , a judicial service aspirant who is interested in legal researching and writing. I have completed Latin Legum Magister degree. I have been writing from past few years and I am excited to share my legal thoughts and opinions here. I believe that everyone has the potential to make a difference.

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