by | Sep 7, 2023

Hurt  and Grievous Hurt as defined under the Indian Penal Code (IPC)  plays a crucial role in determining the seriousness of physical harm caused to a person.

HURT : Under Section 319 of the IPC, Hurt refers to minor injuries that do not have long-lasting effects or severe consequences. When it comes to Hurt, the IPC recognizes different types of offences depending on the severity of the harm caused.  

For example, if the injury is of a simple nature, it may fall under Section 323, which prescribes punishment for voluntarily causing hurt. However, if the hurt is caused by dangerous weapons or with the intention to cause grievous hurt, it can be classified as a more serious offence under Section 324 or Section 325. 


  • Any Bodily Pain,
  • Disease, or
  • Infirmity 

GRIEVOUS HURT : Grievous Hurt, as described in section 320 of the IPC, refers to injuries that are more severe in nature and have a lasting impact on the victim’s physical well-being. It involves the intentional causing of injuries that may endanger life, cause disfigurement, or impair any vital organ or body function.

Grievous hurt, as the name suggests, involves more severe injuries that can have long-term consequences. The law provides various sections to address different types of Grievous Hurt, such as causing Hurt by dangerous weapons described under Section 324, causing Grievous Hurt by endangering life or using corrosive substances described under Section 326, or even causing acid attacks under Section 326A.


  • Emasculation.
  • Permanent loss of sight in eye. 
  • Permanent loss of hearing in ear. 
  • Loss or damage to a limb or joint.
  • Destruction or permanent impairment of the functionality of a limb or joint. 
  • Permanent disfigurement of the head or face.
  • Fracture or dislocation of a bone or tooth.
  • Any injury that endangers life or causes severe bodily pain for at least twenty days, impacting the sufferer’s ability to carry out their daily activities.

PUNISHMENTS : The Indian Penal Code recognizes both Hurt and Grievous Hurt as criminal offences. Those found guilty of causing simple Hurt may face imprisonment for up to one year or a fine, or both, as per section 323 of the IPC. On the other hand, Grievous Hurt is considered a more serious offence with more severe penalties, which can include imprisonment for up to ten years, and in some cases, even life imprisonment.

DIFFERENTIATING  BETWEEN HURT & GRIEVOUS HURT : The distinction between Hurt and Grievous Hurt lies in the gravity of the injuries inflicted. Hurt involves less serious injuries, such as a minor cut or a bruise, while Grievous Hurt encompasses injuries of a more severe nature, such as bone fractures, deep wounds, or injuries that cause disfigurement or permanent disability.

Both Hurt and Grievous Hurt are legally punishable offences in India. The severity of the punishment will depend on the specific circumstances and the extent of the injury caused.




Written By Nancy Sharma

I am Nancy Mahavir Sharma, a passionate legal writer and , a judicial service aspirant who is interested in legal researching and writing. I have completed Latin Legum Magister degree. I have been writing from past few years and I am excited to share my legal thoughts and opinions here. I believe that everyone has the potential to make a difference.

Related Posts