by | Sep 6, 2023

The Indian Evidence Act doesn’t provide a specific definition for ‘ Hearsay Evidence’. Stephen explains that the term ‘ Hearsay’ is used in different contexts, at times referring to something a person directly says, and at other times indicating a statement made based on information from another individual.

  • Example :– When a witness states that they didn’t witness an event personally but were informed by another person, the credibility of observing the event doesn’t belong to the witness but rather to the other individual.


The inadmissibility of Hearsay Evidence is established through Section 60 of the Indian Evidence Act, which enforces the requirement for direct oral evidence. This means the testimony must come from individuals who personally observed, heard, perceived, or formed opinions about a fact based on specific grounds. Hearsay Evidence, being indirect and secondary, lacks the strength to convincingly demonstrate the existence of a fact. Its inherent vulnerabilities and potential for deceit underline the comprehensive exclusion of hearsay evidence.


  • Res Gestae (Section 6)
  • Admission and Confession (Section 17-30)
  • Statement of persons who are dead,etc. (Section 32)
  • Evidence given in former proceedings.(Section 33)
  • Statements in books of accounts,etc. (Section 34-38)
  • Proviso to Section 60

In conclusion, while the Act allows for certain exceptions, Hearsay Evidence is generally considered less reliable due to its potential for distortion and misrepresentation. The courts aim to balance the need for justice with the necessity of ensuring reliable and accurate testimony, highlighting the significance of evaluating hearsay evidence carefully and within the framework of established legal principles.



Written By Archana Singh

I am Archana Singh, a recent law master's graduate with a strong aspiration for the judicial service. My passion lies in elucidating complex legal concepts, disseminating legal news, and enhancing legal awareness. I take immense pride in introducing my new legal website - The LawGist. Through my meticulously crafted blogs and articles, I aim to empower individuals with comprehensive legal insights. My unwavering dedication is to facilitate a profound comprehension of the law, enabling people to execute judicious and well-informed choices.

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