Evidence law

The Indian Evidence Act, 1872 is an Act enacted to define and amend the laws of evidence in India. The Act applies to all judicial proceedings in or before any court, including courts-martial, within India. The Act consolidates the law of evidence and is divided into three parts. Part I includes provisions relating to relevancy of facts, presumption of facts and the burden of proof. Part II includes provisions relating to various kinds of oral and documentary evidence. Part III includes special rules of evidence in certain cases. This Act contains various provisions related to the admissibility of evidence, the burden of proof, the relevancy of facts, presumption of facts, and the burden of proof. It also provides for the exclusion of certain types of evidence.

Recent Posts

QUESTIONING A HOSTILE WITNESS (SECTION 154)

QUESTIONING A HOSTILE WITNESS (SECTION 154)

DEFINING A HOSTILE WITNESS The Indian Evidence Act does not explicitly define a Hostile Witness. A Hostile Witness is typically characterized by their conduct, demeanor, or unwillingness to disclose the truth, which indicates an unfriendly disposition toward the party...

REFRESHING MEMORY (SECTION 159-160)

REFRESHING MEMORY (SECTION 159-160)

INTRODUCTION Witness testimony plays a crucial role in legal proceedings, and to be an effective witness, one must accurately recall and communicate facts. Sections 159 and 160 of the Indian Evidence Act address the concept of Refreshing a Witness's Memory to ensure...

IMPEACHING CREDIT OF WITNESS (SECTION 155)

IMPEACHING CREDIT OF WITNESS (SECTION 155)

DEFINITION OF IMPEACHING CREDIT  Impeaching The Credit Of A Witness under Indian Evidence Act,involves revealing their true character before the court, leading to a loss of trust in their testimony. This can be initiated by the opposite party or, with court...

EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES (SECTION 137-138)

EXAMINATION OF WITNESSES (SECTION 137-138)

EXAMINATION-IN-CHIEF Definition : Section 137 designates the witness examination by the party who calls them as "Examination-In-Chief," with Section 138 emphasizing its priority. Objective : The primary goal of Examination-In-Chief is to extract all material facts...

LEADING QUESTIONS (SECTION 141-143) 

LEADING QUESTIONS (SECTION 141-143) 

SECTION 141: DEFINING LEADING QUESTIONS  Section 141 is pivotal in understanding what constitutes a Leading Question under Indian Evidence Act.It states that a question is leading when it suggests the answer that the questioner desires to receive. In essence, Leading...