Damnum sine injuria – It means damage caused without causing any injury or where there is no infringement of any legal right which is vested with the plaintiff.
- damnum :- loss or damage
- sine :- without
- injuria :- injury
Example :- In Gloucester Grammar School case (1410) , the schoolmaster set-up a rival school to that of the plaintiff and since because of the competition the plaintiff had to reduce their fees from 40 pence to 12 pence per quarter. Thus claimed for compensation from the defendants for the losses suffered. It was held that the plaintiff had no remedy for the losses suffered, since the act, though morally wrong, has not violated any legal right of the plaintiff.