by | Jan 21, 2024

Section Content
Introduction of Case The Ayodhya Judgment is based on a  land dispute is a prolonged political, historical, and socio-religious debate in India, focusing on a plot in Ayodhya, Uttar Pradesh, considered the birthplace of Hindu deity Ram.
Factual Background
  • Hindus believe the site was a Hindu temple, later demolished to build the Babri Masjid.
  •  Muslims claim the land was granted to them, and the mosque was built in 1528 by Mir Baqi on orders of Mughal emperor Babur.
  • Controversy arose in 1949 when an idol of Ram was reportedly placed in the mosque.
  • Ownership disputes led to a government lockdown of the area.
Legal Issues  Nirmohi Akhara and Sunni Central Board of Waqf filed suits for possession and ownership. Demolition of Babri Masjid in 1992 by Hindu kar sevaks triggered communal riots.
Applicable Law
  • Various legal battles, including a 2010 Allahabad High Court ruling dividing the land among Hindus, Muslims, and Nirmohi Akhara.
  • Supreme Court intervention and stay on the HC verdict.
  • 2016: Fresh hearings in Supreme Court.
  • 2017: SC suggested an out-of-court settlement.
  • 2018: A five-judge Constitution Bench established.
Analysis  Supreme Court, in 2019, ruled the disputed land to Ram Janmabhoomi Nyas for a temple; Muslims compensated with five acres for a mosque.
Conclusion  Verdict passed on November 9, 2019, by a unanimous Supreme Court decision.Decision to construct a Ram temple and compensate Muslims with land.
Current Scenario
  • February 2020: PM Modi announced approval for “Shri Ramjanmabhoomi Tirtha Kshetra” trust. Foundation stone laid in August 2020 amid the pandemic.
  • Supreme Court directed the government to frame a plan within three months for temple construction. January 2024 inaugration of Ram temple.





Written By Nancy Sharma

I am Nancy Mahavir Sharma, a passionate legal writer and , a judicial service aspirant who is interested in legal researching and writing. I have completed Latin Legum Magister degree. I have been writing from past few years and I am excited to share my legal thoughts and opinions here. I believe that everyone has the potential to make a difference.

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