6th OCTOBER,2023

by | Oct 10, 2023

7th India-EU Cyber Dialogue

India’s relationship with the European Union (EU) has evolved significantly over the years, from the early diplomatic exchanges to the establishment of a robust Strategic Partnership. 

The Seventh India-EU Cyber Dialogue took place in Brussels, Belgium, on October 5, 2023, at 8:45 PM local time. This dialogue is part of the broader Strategic Partnership between India and the European Union (EU). During the dialogue, the two sides discussed various aspects related to cyberspace, including policies, strategies, and areas of mutual interest.

Seventh India-EU Cyber Dialogue include:

  • Appreciation for the Cyber Dialogue Mechanism: Both India and the EU expressed their appreciation for the Cyber Dialogue mechanism, recognizing it as a valuable platform for discussing a wide range of issues related to cyberspace.
  • Multilateral Cooperation: The cooperation in multilateral fora, with a specific mention of the United Nations. This suggests that the dialogue included talks about how India and the EU can collaborate on cyber issues at the global level.
  • Regional Settings: The dialogue likely touched upon regional settings as well, indicating that the parties discussed cyber cooperation in specific geographic regions.
  • Capacity Building: Promoting capacity building in cyberspace. The  focus on strengthening the capabilities of both India and the EU in dealing with cybersecurity challenges.
  • Combating Cybercrime: Combating the criminal use of Information and Communication Technologies (ICT), addressing cyber threats and cybercrime.
  • Future Dialogue: Indicating a commitment to continue discussions and cooperation in the field of cybersecurity.
Overview: Key Developments in India-EU Relations 

1962 India establishes diplomatic relations with the EEC (European Economic Community).

1973 India-EU Cooperation Agreement is signed.

1981 India opens a Mission to the European Communities in Brussels.

1994 India and the EU establish the High-Level Political Dialogue.

2004 India and the EU launch the India-EU Strategic Partnership.

2007 India and the EU hold the 7th India-EU Summit.

2016 India and the EU resume negotiations on the India-EU Broad-based Trade and Investment Agreement (BTIA).

2020 India and the EU hold the 15th India-EU Summit.

2021 The EU and India announce the establishment of a High-Level Dialogue on Trade and Investment.

2023 The Seventh India-EU Cyber Dialogue is held in Brussels.

  1. Political Relations:
  • Strategic Partnership: India and the EU share a Strategic Partnership based on common values such as democracy, human rights, and the rule of law.
  • Political Dialogue: Regular high-level political dialogues take place to discuss global and regional issues, fostering cooperation on various fronts.
  • Cooperation in International Forums: India and the EU collaborate on international platforms like the United Nations to address global challenges and promote peace and security.
  1. Trade Relations:
  • Economic Partnership: India and the EU are major trading partners, engaging in trade agreements and negotiations to enhance economic cooperation.
  • Bilateral Trade: Trade in goods and services, investments, and the removal of trade barriers are key focus areas in their trade relationship.
  • Investment and Market Access: Both sides work on improving investment conditions and market access for businesses.
  1. Defence and Security:
  • Counter-Terrorism Cooperation: India and the EU cooperate in counter-terrorism efforts, sharing intelligence and expertise to combat the global terror threat.
  • Maritime Security: Cooperation on maritime security in the Indian Ocean and beyond is a growing area of focus.
  • Strategic Dialogue: High-level security dialogues aim to enhance defense and security cooperation.
  1. Climate Change and Environmental Cooperation:
  • Climate Change Mitigation: India and the EU collaborate on climate change mitigation efforts, including the implementation of the Paris Agreement.
  • Renewable Energy: Cooperation in renewable energy, clean technology, and sustainable development initiatives is emphasized.
  • Environmental Protection: Both parties work together to address environmental challenges and promote conservation and sustainability.

India and the EU’s relationship is characterized by a comprehensive approach that spans political, economic, security, and environmental dimensions. These aspects reflect their shared interests and goals in addressing global challenges and fostering mutual cooperation.

Source: AIR

Armenia Votes to Join ICC, Raising Tensions with Russia Over Putin’s Indictment

  • Armenian Parliament’s Decision: The Armenian parliament voted to join the International Criminal Court (ICC). This decision has significant implications for Armenia’s relations with Russia.
  • Indictment of Russian President Putin: Earlier this year, the ICC indicted Russian President Vladimir Putin for war crimes related to the deportation of children from Ukraine. This move by the ICC has added a layer of complexity to international geopolitics.
  • Russia’s Response: Russia, Armenia’s ally, has strongly criticised Armenia’s decision to join the ICC. Moscow considers Armenia’s move as “unfriendly,” and it is likely to strain their already deteriorating relationship.
  • ICC’s Authority: Countries that have signed and ratified the Rome Statute, which established the ICC, are obligated to arrest individuals indicted by the court if they set foot on their soil. This includes world leaders like Putin.
  • Geopolitical Implications: The decision to join the ICC not only impacts Armenia-Russia relations but also raises questions about Russia’s international standing and its approach to international organizations.
  • Ongoing Tensions: This development adds another layer of tension to the already complex geopolitical landscape in Eastern Europe, with Russia, Ukraine, and their neighboring countries involved in various disputes and conflicts.
  • Monitoring Putin: The international community will closely watch how this situation unfolds, especially in terms of how it affects President Putin’s international travels and Russia’s diplomatic relations.
  • Further Diplomatic Developments: It remains to be seen how Russia and Armenia will navigate this latest challenge in their relationship and whether diplomatic efforts can ease the tensions arising from Armenia’s decision to join the ICC.


Aspect Description
Establishment Founded in 2002.
Headquarters The Hague, Netherlands.
Founding Treaty Governed by the Rome Statute.
India’s Status India is not a party to the Rome Statute, similar to the United States and China.
Relevance in India The ICC does not have jurisdiction over crimes committed within India’s territory unless referred by the UN Security Council or voluntarily accepted by India.


  • Genocide
  • War Crimes
  • Crimes Against Humanity
  • Crime of Aggression
Rome Statute International treaty adopted in 1998, entered into force in 2002
Genocide Intentional and systematic destruction of racial, ethnic, religious, or national groups
War Crimes Grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions, targeting civilians, using prohibited weapons, inhumane treatment of prisoners
Crimes Against Humanity Widespread and systematic attacks against civilians, including murder, enslavement, torture, and sexual violence, when part of a widespread or systematic attack
Crime of Aggression Act of a state using military force against another state’s sovereignty, territorial integrity, or political independence, in violation of the UN Charter
ICC’s Jurisdiction in India India is not a party to the Rome Statute, ICC does not have jurisdiction over crimes committed in India
ICC’s Limitations Lack of universal jurisdiction, political influence, enforcement challenges, resource constraints, selective prosecution, complex legal procedures

The International Criminal Court plays a crucial role in holding individuals accountable for heinous international crimes. However, it faces limitations in terms of jurisdiction, enforcement, political influences, and resource constraints. Its effectiveness depends on the cooperation of member states and international support for its mission.

Written By Vishakha Khatri

My name is Vishakha Khatri. I am an engineering graduate and a civil service aspirant with a passion for spreading knowledge about Indian polity. I believe that understanding our political system is crucial for every citizen, and I am committed to making this information accessible to everyone in my own easy way. Through my experiences in civil service preparation and my unique perspective as an engineering graduate, I hope to inspire and educate others on the importance of Indian polity.

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