HISTORICAL UNDERPINNINGS

by | Aug 16, 2023

  • 1. British Arrival and Trade (1600): East India Company initiated British presence in India as traders under a charter from Queen Elizabeth I.
  • 2. Transition to Territorial Power (1765): East India Company acquired ‘diwani’ rights over Bengal, Bihar, and Orissa, shifting from trade-focused functions to territorial authority.
  • 3. Direct Crown Control (1858): British Crown assumed governance responsibility after the 1858 ‘sepoy mutiny’, ending the East India Company’s rule.
  • 4. Independence and Constitutional Need (1947): India’s independence in 1947 necessitated a Constitution for self-governance and nation-building.
  • 5. Constituent Assembly Formation (1946): A Constituent Assembly was established in 1946 to draft and adopt India’s Constitution.
  • 7. Constitution Enactment (January 26, 1950): The Indian Constitution was officially established on January 26, 1950, marking the birth of the Indian Republic.
  • 8.Company Rule (1773–1858): This phase witnessed the Regulating Act of 1773, designating a Governor-General, establishing the Supreme Court in Calcutta, and enhancing British control over the Company’s affairs.
  • 9.Crown Rule (1858–1947): The British Crown directly governed India, shaping its administrative and legal framework.

Written By Vishakha Khatri

My name is Vishakha Khatri. I am an engineering graduate and a civil service aspirant with a passion for spreading knowledge about Indian polity. I believe that understanding our political system is crucial for every citizen, and I am committed to making this information accessible to everyone in my own easy way. Through my experiences in civil service preparation and my unique perspective as an engineering graduate, I hope to inspire and educate others on the importance of Indian polity.

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