28 SEPTEMBER, 2023

by | Sep 29, 2023

Crude Awakening: The Impact of Soaring Global Oil Prices on India

The recent surge in global crude oil prices has sent shockwaves through the Indian economy, with far-reaching implications for the nation. As crude oil prices breached the $80-per-barrel mark, India found itself grappling with a host of challenges.

First and foremost, this price spike translated into record-high petrol and diesel prices within the country. The average Indian, already dealing with the economic fallout of the COVID-19 pandemic, now faces the burden of increased transportation costs and higher prices for essential commodities.

The Indian government’s taxation policies have also come under scrutiny, as high central and state taxes contribute significantly to the retail prices of fuel. This has led to calls for a reevaluation of the tax structure to provide relief to the common citizen.

Furthermore, the surge in oil prices has the potential to impact inflation rates. As oil prices influence the cost of production and transportation, this could lead to rising prices across the board, affecting the purchasing power of consumers.

Additionally, India’s fiscal deficit is at risk due to increased spending on oil imports, which require more valuable dollars. This, in turn, puts pressure on the Indian rupee and the nation’s foreign exchange reserves.

In conclusion, the spike in global crude oil prices has triggered a complex web of consequences for India, affecting everything from household budgets to inflation rates and the nation’s fiscal health. As the situation evolves, policymakers will need to carefully navigate these challenges to ensure the well-being of the Indian economy and its citizens.

Source: Economic Times

Collaborative Census for Nilgiri Tahr: Tamil Nadu and Kerala Unite for Conservation

In a promising development for wildlife conservation, Tamil Nadu and Kerala are considering a joint effort to conduct a synchronized census of the Nilgiri tahr, a unique and endangered mountain ungulate native to the South Western Ghats. Here, we delve into the significance of this initiative and the challenges faced by this remarkable species.

About Nilgiri Tahr:

The Nilgiri tahr holds a special place in southern India’s ecological landscape. It stands as the sole mountain ungulate among the 12 ungulate species in India, and it is the state animal of Tamil Nadu. This species thrives in the open montane grasslands of the South Western Ghats, particularly in the Nilgiri Hills, where it is endemic. Notably, Eravikulam National Park shelters the largest population of these tahr.

Unique Features and Cultural Significance:

Adult male Nilgiri tahrs are distinguished by a light gray “saddle” on their backs, earning them the moniker “Saddlebacks.” These creatures are deeply intertwined with the local culture, known as Varaiaadu in the region, and have a rich history dating back over 2,000 years in Tamil Sangam literature and even ancient Mesolithic paintings.

Population Decline and Ongoing Threats:

Despite their cultural significance, Nilgiri tahrs face numerous threats. Over time, their habitat has shrunk due to factors like habitat loss, hunting, poaching, and climate change. Invasive plant species such as wattles, pines, and eucalyptus have also encroached on their territory, further endangering their population.

Conservation Status:

The Nilgiri tahr is listed as Endangered by the IUCN and enjoys the highest protection under the Wildlife (Protection) Act of India, 1972 (Schedule I).

The proposed synchronized census by Tamil Nadu and Kerala is a significant step towards preserving this remarkable species. It underscores the urgency of collaborative efforts in safeguarding the Nilgiri tahr’s future, ensuring that future generations can marvel at these incredible creatures in their natural habitat.


Written By Vishakha Khatri

My name is Vishakha Khatri. I am an engineering graduate and a civil service aspirant with a passion for spreading knowledge about Indian polity. I believe that understanding our political system is crucial for every citizen, and I am committed to making this information accessible to everyone in my own easy way. Through my experiences in civil service preparation and my unique perspective as an engineering graduate, I hope to inspire and educate others on the importance of Indian polity.

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